Learn Everything About Seizure Disorder

What is Seizure Disorder?

The electrical activity of the brain can occasionally become disrupted in seizure disorders, leading to transient abnormalities in brain function. For proper functioning, the brain must organize its electrical signals. These signals enable the brain to communicate with muscles, nerves, the spinal cord, and even with itself. 

So, what is a seizure? A seizure meaning is a disruption in the electrical signals of the brain. Adults are about 2% likely to experience a seizure at some point, although most will not experience another one. People with seizure disorders frequently develop them in their early or later years of life.

Types of Seizure Disorder

Seizure disorder can be classified into the following two types: 

  • Epileptic: Epileptic seizures can occur twice or more and have no apparent cause. One seizure is not considered to be epilepsy. It is a form of epilepsy or seizure condition. Although the exact origin of these seizures is frequently unknown, symptomatic epilepsy, which is caused by aberrant brain structures or tumours, is one possibility. This is particularly common among elderly people and babies.
  • Nonepileptic: Seizures that are not epileptic are brought on by a transient brain issue, such as an infection or medication reaction. A nonepileptic seizure in children known as a febrile seizure can be triggered by a fever. Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures also referred to as pseudoseizures, are one of the types of seizures occasionally caused by specific mental health conditions that mimic seizures.

Causes of Seizure Disorder

People usually wonder what causes seizures. Unusual electrical activity in the brain can result in seizure disorder. There are several potential causes for this:

  • Genetics: It can run in families at times. If someone in your family has seizures, you may be more susceptible to them.
  • Brain injury: Seizures may result from brain tumours, strokes, head injuries, or infections.
  • Developmental disorders: Certain diseases, such as autism or cerebral palsy, can make seizures more likely.
  • Infections: Seizures can be brought on by infections, such as encephalitis or meningitis.
  • Chemical imbalances: Seizures can be caused by the body having too much or too little of a certain substance, such as glucose or salt.
  • Environmental factors: For those who are vulnerable, things like bright lights or sleep deprivation can occasionally trigger seizures.

Symptoms of Seizure Disorder

Some people experience a weird feeling known as an aura prior to a seizure. When the victim is still conscious, it frequently occurs during the beginning of a certain kind of seizure. 

A person affected by an aura may detect strange tastes or scents, get butterflies in their stomach, or feel as though they’ve seen or experienced something before (a phenomenon known as déjà vu). These can be considered as seizure symptoms. 

Additionally, it may cause a strong sensation that a seizure is about to occur. Typically, seizures last anywhere from a few seconds to many minutes. However, recurrent seizures can sometimes occur in a condition known as status epilepticus. Most individuals with seizure disorders seem and behave normally in between seizures.

Read Also: 10 Natural solutions to eliminate brain fog

Risk Factors for Seizure Disorder

A seizure condition may be caused by one or more of these reasons. Among the risk factors are:

  • Brain conditions: Seizures may be more likely in people with brain tumours, stroke, or Alzheimer’s disease.
  • Developmental abnormalities: Seizures may also be more common in people with certain developmental abnormalities, such as autism or cerebral palsy.
  • Drug or alcohol abuse: Some persons who abuse substances may get seizures as a result. 

Also Read: What are the Common Warning Signs Before a Stroke?

Treatment for Seizure Disorder

The reason for a seizure determines the treatment. You might be able to stop seizures in the future by treating the underlying cause of the seizures. Treatment options for epilepsy-related seizures include: 

For patients who are having many seizures, antiepileptic medications are frequently the first line of treatment. Most of the time, they are successful in controlling seizures because they specifically target the signalling activity in particular brain cells.

Antiepileptic medications come in a variety of forms. The optimum drug for managing your disease may need collaboration between you and your doctor.

Tips for Managing Seizure Disorder

Being an epileptic can be difficult. However, living a full and healthy life is feasible if you have the correct support system. 

If your doctor has prescribed antiepileptic medication, it’s critical to keep taking it.

It’s crucial to consult your doctor on a frequent basis and let them know if you’re having any adverse drug reactions. Your doctor might suggest gradually lowering the dosage if you are able to control your seizures for extended periods of time.

Some individuals might be able to pinpoint particular causes of their seizures. These may consist of:

Keeping away from these triggers could aid in the management of your illness.

Prevention of Seizure Disorder

Although it is not possible to prevent every seizure, it is nevertheless necessary to make oneself as safe as possible. An “aura,” or warning indication, could manifest as a shift in body temperature, visual issues, or an odd taste in your tongue. If this occurs to you, make an effort to find a safe spot and, if you can, notify someone.

On occasion, you can detect when a person you know is about to have a seizure. They could have a distinct appearance, dilated pupils, or behave strangely. If you can predict when someone you know is about to have a seizure, try to lead the person to a safe place.


Seizures are a common neurological disorder. At some point in their lives, people will experience a seizure; however, most people will only have one, and they usually have a clear reason for it. This implies that the one seizure won’t present another issue. Epilepsy is a condition that affects people who experience several seizures without a known cause. Even though epilepsy might be terrifying, there are treatments available. Many epileptics can lead happy, fulfilling lives with treatment.

Get our easy-to-use Truemeds app for affordable medicines. Just upload your prescription to access both brand-name and substitute drugs. Save money on your purchases and enjoy the added convenience of free home delivery on eligible orders across India*.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is the cause of seizure disorder?

Seizure disorder can happen due to various reasons like brain injury, genetics, or certain medical conditions.

How to treat seizures?

Seizures are treated with medications called anticonvulsants, which help control and prevent seizures.

What happens after a seizure?

After a seizure, a person may feel tired, confused, or have memory problems. They may also experience headaches or muscle soreness.

At what age do seizures begin?

Seizures can begin at any age, but they often start during childhood or in older adults.

What are the 4 stages of a seizure?

The four stages of a seizure are prodrome (warning signs), aura (sensations before a seizure), ictus (the seizure itself), and postictal (recovery period).

Can stress cause seizures?

Stress can sometimes trigger seizures in people with epilepsy, but not everyone experiences this. Managing stress through relaxation methods and lifestyle changes can help reduce the risk.

Can I live a normal life with seizures?

Many people with seizures can live normal lives with proper treatment and management. It’s essential to work closely with doctors to find the best treatment plan and make necessary lifestyle adjustments.